Conditions visible in the eye

/ / Info

Systemic diseases and congenital conditions can often have a component that affects the eyes in one or more ways. An ocular examination and awareness of these associations can aid in the diagnosis and management of the underlying disease. Below is a list of some conditions which can affect the eye.

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertension
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hyperlipidaemia
  • Acromegaly
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Connective tissue disorders
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus
    • Behçet’s disease
    • Ankylosing spondylitis
    • Reactive arthritis
    • Crohn’s disease.
    • Ulcerative colitis.
    • Sarcoidosis
    • Sjögren’s syndrome
    • Systemic sclerosis:
    • Giant cell arteritis
    • Polyarteritis nodosa
    • Psoriatic arthritis
    • Dermatomyositis
    • Stevens-Johnson syndrome
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Cicatricial pemphigoid
  • Tuberculosis
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Fungal infections of the eye
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cat scratch disease
  • Leprosy
  • Lyme disease
  • Syphilis
  • Albinism
  • Down’s syndrome
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (type 6)
  • Marfan’s syndrome
  • Myotonic dystrophy
  • Neurofibromatosis-1
  • Neurofibromatosis-2
  • Retinitis pigmentosa
  • Tuberous sclerosis
  • Cancer
  • Anaemia
  • Haemoglobinopathies
  • Hyperviscosity states
  • Leukaemia
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Rosacea
  • Heterochromia
  • Kearns-Sayre syndrome
  • Idiopathic intracranial hypertension
  • Progressive supranuclear palsy
  • Sturge-Weber syndrome
  • Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome
  • Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener’s granulomatosis)

* This list is a compressed version of the excellent online resource to be found at: https://patient.info/doctor/eye-in-systemic-disease